However, unlike the mixed views about the US, perceptions of China were decidedly dismal. A mere 9.3 per cent of those surveyed agreed that the Asian giant is “trustworthy”, slightly lower than last year’s 9.4 per cent and 13.5 per cent in 2021.
China considers Taiwana self-ruled island, a renegade province that is to be reunited with the mainland, by force if necessary.
While Washington does not recognize Taiwan as an independent country and espouses a one-China policyhere too legally bound to “provide Taiwan with arms of a defensive character” and “to maintain the capacity of the United States to resist any resort to force or other forms of coercion”, according to the Taiwan Relations Act of 1979.
Biden reaffirms stance on Taiwan in meeting with Xi
Since taking office in 2021, US President Joe Biden abdomen several times stated the US would intervene militarily should China use force against Taiwan. In recent years, Taiwan has become a flashpoint between the two global powers over increased American arms sales and high-level engagement between Washington and Taipei.
In the survey, more than 65 percent of respondents expressed support for American arms sales to Taiwan, and about 57 percent believed the US would use force to help Taiwan if Beijing tried to change the status quo unilaterally.
“What struck me most is the gap between the US’s overall credibility and also the credibility of the US security commitment to Taiwan,” said Pan.
“Obviously, more people are willing to assign more credibility to the US security commitment to Taiwan” than find that the US is credible overall, she added.
On the question of whether Taiwan and China belong to the same country, about 78 percent of those polled said they do not.
Among Kuomintang party members or supporters – who favor closer ties with Beijing – more than 50 percent said Taiwan and China are not part of the same country, noted James Lee, another survey researcher, affiliated with Academia Sinica in Taipei.
“This highlights the fact that it’s important not to just look at what the KMT says as a party,” Lee said. “It seems like what the KMT says as a party may not be fully in sync with what its support base believes.”
In contrast with the KMT, or the Nationalist Party of China, the ruling Democratic Progressive Party, has leaned towards the establishment of an independent Taiwan.
The DPP’s 204 presidential candidate, William Lai Ching-Te, is the front runner for the election and serves as Taiwan’s vice-president. Lai on Monday announced his selection of Hsiao Bi-khimthe island’s former de-facto envoy to the US, as his running mate.
‘China will eventually, inevitably be reunified’ with Taiwan, Xi tells Biden